Obama Pledges New Era for Federal-Indian Relations

By Beacon Staff

CROW AGENCY – Pledging to usher in a new era of honest federal dealings with Indian tribes, Democratic presidential front-runner Barack Obama on Monday made an unprecedented stop in Montana Indian country for a rally at the Crow reservation.

Obama told several thousand American Indian supporters that he would honor long-ignored treaty obligations and revamp health care and education on reservations across the United States. Such services have long suffered due to inadequate funding and the much criticized oversight of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

“Few have been ignored by Washington for as long as Native Americans, the first Americans,” Obama said. “That will change when I am president of the United States.”

Obama said treaty commitments with Indian nations were “paramount to law” and could not be ignored when Washington makes funding decisions affecting Indian country. He characterized the Bureau of Indian Affairs as a bureaucracy out of touch with those it serves, and said the agency needs to be shaken up so it will perform better.

“You guys pay taxes too. You deserve to get decent services from Washington,” he told the crowd in Crow Agency, Mont.

Earlier, in a private ceremony, the candidate was adopted into the Black Eagle family of the tribe under the name Awe Kooda Bilaxpak Kuuxshish, or “One Who Helps People Throughout the Land.”

Crow Vice Chairman Cedric Black Eagle said a purification ceremony was performed in which the candidate faced east — the source of new life — and was prayed over by his adopted father, Hartford Black Eagle.

Tribal representatives from across Montana said it was the first time such a high-profile candidate had appeared on one of the state’s reservations. The closest precedent, they said, was a visit to the Crow reservation by first lady Lady Bird Johnson in the 1960s.

“Here’s a gentleman who could be president of the United States who is putting his hand out to us,” said Roger Running Crane, vice chairman of the Blackfeet Tribe of northwest Montana. “It’s great to see someone take an interest and see what is really happening with Indians today.”

Running Crane said the visit comes as tribes have gained greater political leverage in recent years as more members vote and become active in state and local politics.

During a prior stop in Billings, Mont., on Monday morning, Obama looked past the state’s June 3 primary to focus on an anticipated November battle against Republican John McCain. He said electing the Arizona senator would amount to a third term for supporters of President Bush. And he took aim at the Republican party’s close ties to lobbyists.

By contrast, he said, an Obama presidency would be modeled on the high standard of open government demonstrated in Montana, where Gov. Brian Schweitzer has pledged to allow public access to all of his meetings.

“I want to carry those same Montana values, those Montana values of openness and transparency, with me to the White House,” Obama said.

As Obama stands on the verge of emerging the victor from a protracted primary battle with Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, a Clinton spokeswoman insisted it was “premature” to call the race over.

“We are campaigning in Montana with the idea that this is historic for Montana and every vote should count,” said the spokeswoman, Kate Downen. “He still doesn’t have the number of delegates he needs to claim victory.”

Montana Republicans said an Obama win would be bad for the region’s lucrative coal industry, on which they claim he would impose new taxes. Obama’s remarks in Billings hit on the potential for other energy sources — such as solar, wind and biofuels — but not coal.

The candidate also was scheduled to appear Monday night at Montana State University in Bozeman.